Essay on The Election Process in India

Essay on The Election Process in India 

 

Essay on The Election Process in India
Essay on The Election Process in India


The Constitution of India gives every adult (18 years or above of age) the proper to chose representatives through the exercise of his right to vote. There are no conditions attached to this right. Under British rule too, there was some sort of representative government but the proper to vote was restricted to around one sixth of adults who would are eligible under universal franchise.

Our Constitution has now extended political powers down the commoner . The voters exercise their right to vote to elect representatives to the Lok Sabha, the State Legislative Assemblies and therefore the Local bodies right down to the Gram Panchayat.


The Election Process:



The framers of the Constitution were cognizant of the importance of free and fair elections during a democracy. The Constitution intrinsically provides for an committee not answerable to the chief . The Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by the President and is assisted by variety of other Election Commissioners.

The independence of the Commission is ensured by providing that the Chief Election Commissioner are often faraway from office only though a process of impeachment as prescribed just in case of Judges of the Supreme Court.

The committee functions with the assistance of the staff of the Central and State governments. When deployed on election duty, these officers and officials of central and State governments are deemed to get on deputation to the Commission. The Commission is assisted by Chief Electoral Officers who assist within the preparation and revision of electoral rolls.


First past the Post System of Elections:



Elections in India are held under this system. The whole country is divided into constituencies. Voters select one candidate by marking against the candidate of their choice or through electronic voting machines. The candidate who secures the very best number of votes is said elected. The system is easy to operate. There is however heavy wastage of votes cast in favor of losing candidates. The Constitution prescribes the membership strength of the Lok Sabha and therefore the State Legislative Assemblies. The committee is liable for preparation and revision of electoral rolls (list of voters for every constituency) and therefore the delimitation of constituencies (marking of territory for every constituency).


System in Operation:



The committee appoints Electoral Registration Officers in consultation with State governments. They are assisted by Assistant Registration Officers. The existing electoral rolls are displayed at select places. Any citizen who feels he's eligible but his / her name doesn't figure within the list can refill a form and obtain his name included in the electoral Roll.

Conduct of Elections:


Whenever the new elections become due, the committee issues a notification thereto effect. The various governments in situ are hereafter forbidden from doing any act which may further favor their electoral prospects. The Commission in consultation with the state administration appoints Returning Officers for the varied constituencies from where elections are to be held.

Updating of Electoral Rolls:



Electoral rolls are prepared and updated though the agency of state officials. They are required to try to to this additionally to their own duties. Political parties take an interest in getting voters sympathetic to those enrolled. The rest are left to fend on their own. The initiative doesn't come from the state authorities or the persons involved in updating the electoral rolls. Issue of voter’s card remains in process.

Providing voters photo identity cards may be a colossal task but are often a really effective way of checking bogus voting.


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